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Passport Helico is the only helicopter flight training unit recommended by Canadian Helicopters (the largest helicopter operator in Canada). It is therefore among our graduates that this company selects its new pilots.

Private Pilot License (PPL) - Helicopter

(1) Age

An applicant shall be a minimum of seventeen years of age.

(2) Medical Fitness

  1. (a) An applicant shall hold a Category 3 Medical Certificate valid for a Private Pilot Licence – Helicopter.
  2. (b) The licence is maintained by a valid new Category 1 or 3 Medical Certificate.

(3) Knowledge

An applicant shall have:

  1. (a) completed a minimum of 40 hours private pilot helicopter ground school instruction on the following subjects:
    1. (i) Canadian Aviation Regulations,
    2. (ii) Aerodynamics and Theory of Flight,
    3. (iii) Meteorology,
    4. (iv) Airframes, Engines and Systems,
    5. (v) Flight Instruments,
    6. (vi) Radio and Electronic Theory,
    7. (vii) Navigation,
    8. (viii) Flight Operations,
    9. (ix) Licensing Requirements, and
    10. (x) Human Factors, including pilot decision-making; and
  2. (b) obtained a minimum of 60% in each of the following four mandatory subject areas as well as in the overall written examination Private Pilot Licence – Helicopter (PPHEL):
    1. (i) Air Law – regulations, rules and orders, air traffic services, practices and procedures, and licensing requirements relevant to the licence;
    2. (ii) Navigation – navigation, radio aids and electronic theory;
    3. (iii) Meteorology;
    4. (iv) Aeronautics – General Knowledge – airframes, engines and systems, theory of flight, flight instruments and flight operations.

(4) Experience

  1. (a) An applicant shall have completed a minimum of 45 hours private pilot flight training in helicopters under the direction and supervision of the holder of a flight instructor rating – helicopter. A maximum 5 of the 45 hours may be conducted in an approved helicopter simulator or flight training device.
    (amended 1998/09/01; previous version)
  2. (b) The flight training shall include a minimum of:
    1. (i) 17 hours dual instruction flight time, including a minimum of 3 hours cross-country flight time and 5 hours of instrument time of which a maximum of 3 hours may be instrument ground time; and
      (amended 1998/09/01; previous version)
    2. (ii) 12 hours solo flight time including 5 hours cross-country flight time with a flight of a minimum of 100 nautical miles which shall include no fewer than 2 full stop landings at points other than the point of departure.

(5) Skill

Within the 12 months preceding the date of application for the licence, an applicant shall successfully complete a flight test as pilot-in-command of a helicopter, in accordance with Schedule 5 “Flight Test for the Issuance of a Private Pilot Licence – Helicopter” of Standard 428 — Conduct of Flight Tests.
(amended 2012/02/19; previous version)

(6) Credits

  1. (a) Knowledge
    1. (i) An applicant who holds a Pilot Permit – Gyroplane or a private or higher type pilot licence for aeroplanes shall, when applying for the issue of a Private Pilot Licence – Helicopter have the 40 hour ground instruction requirement reduced to 20 hours.
    2. (ii) An applicant who holds a Pilot Permit – Gyroplane or a private or higher type pilot licence for aeroplanes shall in lieu of completing the written examination PPHEL obtain a minimum of 60% in the written examination Private Pilot Helicopter Rating – Alternate Category (PHRAC).
  2. (b) Experience
    1. (i) The total flight time must include a minimum of 30 hours in helicopters.
    2. (ii) Where an applicant holds a pilot permit or licence in another aircraft category flight time credits shall be claimed as follows:
      (amended 1998/03/23; previous version)
  1. (A) Aeroplane and Gyroplane
    1. (I) a maximum of 15 hours towards the total flight time; and
    2. (II) a maximum of 4 hours solo flight time, 2 hours of which may be credited to solo cross-country flight time.
  2. (B) Glider A maximum of 5 hours pilot-in-command flight time towards the total flight time.
  3. (C) Instrument Flight Time An applicant who holds a private or higher type licence in another category shall be credited with instrument flight time acquired in the other category towards meeting the instrument experience requirements provided that the instrument flight time acquired in the other category is not credited towards the 17 hours of dual instruction flight time or the 12 hours solo flight time.

(7) Credits for DND Applicants

  1. (a) Active and retired Canadian Forces personnel who have qualified to pilot helicopter wings standard shall be considered to have met the ground school instruction requirement, the written examination requirement, the course requirement and the skill requirement provided that:
    (amended 2003/03/01; previous version)
  1. (i) the applicant has met the flight time requirements specified in subsection (4) of which a minimum of 10 hours flight time in helicopters has been acquired in the 12 months preceding the date of application, and
    (amended 2003/03/01; previous version)
  2. (ii) the applicant obtains a minimum of 90% in the written examination Student Pilot Permit or Private Pilot Licence for Foreign and Military Applicants, Air Regulations (PSTAR).
    (amended 2003/03/01; previous version)
  • (b) A person who has undergone helicopter pilot flight training in the Canadian Forces may be credited military dual and solo helicopter flight time and helicopter ground school time towards the knowledge and experience requirements for the issue of a Private Pilot Licence – Helicopter.
    (amended 2003/03/01; no previous version)

(8) Licence Issued On the Basis of Foreign Licence

(amended 1999/03/01; previous version)

  1. (a) An applicant who holds a Private or higher pilot licence – Helicopter issued by a Contracting State shall be considered:
    (amended 1999/03/01; previous version)
  1. (i) to have met the ground school instruction requirement; and
    (amended 1999/03/01; no previous version)
  2. (ii) to have met the written examination requirement and the flight test requirement, provided that the foreign licence was not issued on the basis of a licence from another State, and that the applicant:
    (amended 1999/03/01; no previous version)
  1. (A) has met the flight time requirements specified in subsection (4);
    (amended 2000/09/01; previous version)
  2. (B) has obtained a minimum of 90% in the written examination Student Pilot Permit or Private Pilot Licence for Foreign and Military Applicants, Aviation Regulations (PSTAR); and
    (amended 2000/09/01; previous version)
  3. (C) has completed as pilot in command or co-pilot in helicopters, a minimum of 5 take-offs and 5 landings within the 6 months preceding the date of application for the Canadian licence.
    (amended 1999/03/01; previous version)
  • (b) The licence shall be annotated by the Minister to indicate that it was issued on the basis of the foreign licence.
    (amended 1999/03/01; no previous version)
  • (c) The Minister shall remove the restriction from the licence, provided that the applicant has succesfully completed:
    (amended 1999/03/01; no previous version)

    1. (i) the written examination requirements (PPHEL); and
      (amended 1999/03/01; no previous version)
    2. (ii) the skill requirement.
      (amended 1999/03/01; no previous version)

(9) Credits for Foreign Applicants

(amended 1999/03/01; no previous version)

  1. (a) An applicant who holds a Private or higher pilot licence – Helicopter issued by a contracting state and who does not wish to obtain a licence issued on the basis of the foreign licence may be considered by the Minister to have met the ground school instruction requirement.
    (amended 2003/03/01; previous version)
  2. (b) An applicant who holds a Private or higher pilot licence – Helicopter issued by a contracting state other than Canada and who meets the flight time requirements specified in subsection (4) is considered to have met the experience requirements.
    (amended 2003/03/01; previous version)
  3. (c) A person who does not hold a Private or higher pilot licence – Helicopter issued by a contracting state may be credited foreign dual and solo helicopter flight training time and helicopter ground school time towards the knowledge and experience requirements for the issue of a Private Pilot Licence – Helicopter, if the applicant provides certification from the holder of a Flight Instructor Rating – Helicopter that all ground and flight training exercises have been satisfactorily reviewed.
    (amended 2003/03/01; previous version)

Commercial Pilot License (CPL) - Helicopter

(1) Age

An applicant shall be a minimum of eighteen years of age.

(2) Medical Fitness

(amended 2007/12/30; previous version)

  1. (a) An applicant shall hold a Category 1 Medical Certificate valid for a Commercial Pilot Licence – Helicopter.
  2. (b) The licence holder may exercise Private Pilot Licence – Helicopter Category privileges until the end of the medical period specified for the Private Pilot Licence.
    (amended 2007/12/30; previous version)
  3. (c) The licence is maintained by a valid Category 1 Medical Certificate.
    (amended 2007/12/30; previous version)

(3) Knowledge

  1. (a) An applicant who holds a Private Pilot Licence – Helicopter shall have:
    1. (i) completed a minimum of 40 hours commercial pilot helicopter ground school instruction, on the following subjects:
      1. (A) Canadian Aviation Regulations,
      2. (B) Aerodynamics and Theory of Flight,
      3. (C) Meteorology,
      4. (D) Airframes, Engines and Systems,
      5. (E) Flight Instruments,
      6. (F) Radio and Electronic Theory,
      7. (G) Navigation,
      8. (H) Flight Operations,
      9. (I) Licensing Requirements, and
      10. (J) Human factors including pilot decision-making; and
    2. (ii) obtained a minimum of 60% in each of the following four mandatory subject areas as well as in the overall written examination Commercial Pilot Licence – Helicopter (CPHEL):
      1. (A) Air Law – regulations, rules and orders, air traffic services, practices and procedures, and licensing requirements relevant to the licence;
      2. (B) Navigation – navigation, radio aids and electronic theory;
      3. (C) Meteorology; and
      4. (D) Aeronautics – General Knowledge – airframes, engines and systems, theory of flight, flight instruments and flight operations.
  2. (b) An applicant who does not hold a Private Pilot Licence – Helicopter shall complete an additional 40 hours commercial pilot helicopter ground school instruction for a total of 80 hours.

(4) Experience

  1. (a) An applicant shall have completed a minimum of 100 hours pilot flight time in helicopters, of which a minimum of 35 hours shall be pilot-in-command flight time, including 10 hours cross-country pilot-in-command flight time; and
  2. (b) an applicant who holds a Private Pilot Licence – Helicopter or a Private Pilot Licence – Helicopter issued by a Contracting State other than Canada shall have completed 60 hours of commercial pilot flight training in helicopters consisting of a minimum of:
    (amended 2000/09/01; previous version)
  1. (i) 37 hours dual instruction flight time, under the direction and supervision of the holder of a flight Instructor Rating – Helicopter, including:
    (amended 2000/09/01; previous version)
  1. (A) 15 hours of advanced dual instruction, emphasizing the improvement of general flying ability and skill, including a minimum of 5 hours of cross-country flight;
  2. (B) 5 hours night flight time including a minimum of 2 hours cross-country flight time;
  3. (C) in addition to (A) and (B), 10 hours of instrument flight time, using suitable radio navigational facilities to complete elementary navigation procedures and two-way radio to comply with Air Traffic Control procedures and clearances including a minimum of 5 hours in helicopters. A maximum 5 hours of the 10 hours may be conducted on an approved helicopter simulator or flight training device.
    (amended 1998/09/01; previous version)
  4. (D) Credit for a maximum of 5 hours of dual instrument time acquired during training for issue of the Private Pilot Licence – Helicopter shall be given towards the 10 hours of dual instrument time.
  • (ii) 23 hours solo flight time emphasizing the improvement of general flying ability and skill, including:
    1. (A) a cross-country flight of at least 2 hours duration and to a point a minimum of 45 minutes flight time at normal cruising speed from the point of departure including a minimum of 3 landings at points other than the point of departure, and
      (amended 2005/06/01; previous version)
    2. (B) 5 hours solo flight time by night, including a minimum of 10 takeoffs, circuits and landings.
      (amended 1998/09/01; previous version)
  • (c) An applicant who does not hold a Private Pilot Licence – Helicopter shall have completed a minimum of 100 hours commercial pilot flight training in helicopters, consisting of a minimum of:
    1. (i) 55 hours dual instruction flight time under the direction and supervision of the holder of a flight Instructor Rating – Helicopter, including:
      (amended 2000/09/01; previous version)

      1. (A) 5 hours cross-country flight time, and
      2. (B) in addition to (A), 10 hours of dual instrument flight time, using suitable radio navigational facilities to complete elementary navigation procedures and two-way radio to comply with Air Traffic Control procedures and clearances, including a minimum of 5 hours in helicopters. A maximum of 5 hours of the 10 hours may be conducted on an approved helicopter simulator or flight training device.
        (amended 1998/09/01; previous version)
    2. (ii) 35 hours solo flight time emphasizing the improvement of general flying ability and skill, including a cross-country flight to a point a minimum of 2 hours flight time at normal cruising speed from the point of departure including a minimum of 3 landings at points other than the point of departure.
      (amended 1998/09/01; previous version)
    3. (iii) The licence shall be issued restricted to daylight flying.

(5) Skill

Within the 12 months preceding the date of application for the licence, an applicant shall successfully complete a flight test as pilot-in-command of a helicopter, in accordance with Schedule 6 “Flight Test for the Issuance of a Commercial Pilot Licence – Helicopter” of Standard 428 — Conduct of Flight Tests.
(amended 2012/02/19; previous version)

(6) Restricted Licence – Daylight Flying

  1. (a) Where an applicant has not completed the night flight time requirements the licence shall be issued restricted to daylight flying and the total dual instruction flight time and solo flight time required for the issue of the licence shall be met.
  2. (b) Where an applicant completes the night flight time requirements, the restriction shall be removed.
  3. (c) Where an applicant holds a pilot licence – aeroplane valid for night flying, the night flight time experience shall be reduced to 5 hours pilot flight time which shall include:
    1. (i) 2 hours dual night flight time,
    2. (ii) 1 hour solo night flight time, and
    3. (iii) 1 hour dual instrument flight time.

(7) Credits

  1. (a) Knowledge
    1. (i) An applicant who holds a Commercial Pilot Licence – Aeroplane shall, when applying for the issue of a Commercial Pilot Licence – Helicopter have the 40 hour ground school instruction requirement reduced to 20 hours.
    2. (ii) An applicant who holds a Private Pilot Licence in another category but does not hold a Private Pilot Licence – Helicopter shall, when applying for a Commercial Pilot Licence – Helicopter have the 80 hours ground school requirement reduced to 60 hours.
    3. (iii) An applicant who holds a Commercial Pilot Licence – Aeroplane shall, in lieu of completing the written examination CPHEL, obtain a minimum of 60% in the written examination Commercial Pilot Licence (Helicopter) – Alternate Category (CHRAC).
  2. (b) Experience Where an applicant holds a pilot permit or licence in another aircraft category, flight time credits shall be claimed as follows:
    1. (i) Commercial Pilot Licence or higher – Aeroplane Where an applicant holds a Commercial Pilot Licence – Aeroplane or higher type licence in the aeroplane category, the 100 hours total flight time in helicopters required by paragraph (4)(a) above shall be deemed to have been met provided the applicant has completed a minimum of 60 hours flight time in helicopters, including all of the experience requirements demanded by paragraph (4)(b) above.
      (amended 2000/09/01; previous version)
    2. (ii) Instrument Flight Time An applicant who holds a pilot licence – aeroplane category shall be credited with instrument flight time acquired in aeroplanes towards meeting the instrument flight time experience requirements provided that the applicant has acquired a minimum of 5 hours of dual instrument flight time in helicopters, and the instrument flight time in aeroplanes is not credited towards the 37 hours of dual instruction flight time or the 23 hours solo flight time.
    3. (iii) Night Flight Time
      1. (A) Where an applicant holds a Private Pilot Licence – Helicopter with a night rating, the total dual and solo night flight time requirements shall be deemed to have been met provided that the 37 hours dual instruction flight time and the 23 hours solo flight time requirements are met.
      2. (B) Where an applicant holds a pilot licence – aeroplane category, valid for night privileges, night flight time acquired in aeroplanes shall be credited towards the total dual and solo night flight time requirements provided that the applicant has acquired at night, in helicopters a minimum of 1 hour dual instruction flight time and 1 hour solo flight time, and the 37 hours dual instruction flight time and the 23 hours solo flight time requirements are met.

(8) Credits for DND Applicants

  1. (a) Active and former Canadian Forces personnel who have qualified to pilot helicopter wings standard are considered to have met the ground school instruction requirement, the written examination requirement and the skill requirement if the applicant:
    (amended 2005/12/01; previous version)

    1. (i) has met the flight time requirements specified in subsection (4) of which a minimum of 10 hours flight time was acquired in helicopters in the 12 months preceding the date of application, and
      (amended 2005/12/01; previous version)
    2. (ii) obtains a minimum of 60% in the written examination Commercial Pilot Licence (Helicopter) Air Law, Air Traffic Rules and Procedures (HARPC).
      (amended 2005/12/01; previous version)
  2. (b) Active and former Canadian Forces personnel who have not qualified to pilot helicopter wings standard but who have undergone helicopter pilot flight training in the Canadian Forces may be credited military dual and solo helicopter flight time and helicopter ground school time towards the knowledge and experience requirements for the issue of a Commercial Pilot Licence – Helicopter.
    (amended 2005/12/01; previous version)

(9) Credits for Foreign Applicants

Provided that the applicant has met the flight time requirements specified in subsection (4):
(amended 2005/06/01; previous version)

  1. (a) the holder of a Commercial or higher type pilot licence in the helicopter category issued by a Contracting State is considered to have met the ground school instruction requirement specified in subparagraph (3)(a)(i) and the experience requirements specified in subsection (4); or
    (amended 2005/12/01; previous version)
  2. (b) the holder of an Airline Transport Pilot Licence in the helicopter category issued by a Contracting State is considered to have met the skill requirement specified in subsection (5) by passing a Pilot Proficiency Check (PPC) for operations in accordance with Part VII, within the 12 months preceding the date of the application for the licence.
    (amended 2005/06/01; previous version)

Airline Transport License (ATPL) - Helicopter

(1) Age

An applicant shall be a minimum of twenty-one years of age.

(2) Medical Fitness

(amended 2007/12/30; previous version)

  1. (a) An applicant shall hold a Category 1 Medical Certificate valid for an Airline Transport Pilot Licence – Helicopter.
  2. (b) The licence holder may exercise Private Pilot Licence – Helicopter privileges until the end of the medical period specified for the Private Pilot Licence.
    (amended 2007/12/30; previous version)
  3. (c) The licence is maintained by a valid Category 1 Medical Certificate.
    (amended 2007/12/30; previous version)

(3) Knowledge

An applicant shall have obtained a minimum of 70% on each of the two Airline Transport Pilot Licence (Helicopter) examinations Meteorology, Radio Aids to Navigation and Flight Planning (HAMRA) and Air Law, Helicopter Operation and Navigation General (HARON) on the following subjects:

  1. (a) Canadian Aviation Regulations, and air traffic rules and procedures;
  2. (b) Aerodynamics and theory of flight relating to helicopters;
  3. (c) Meteorology;
  4. (d) Airframes, engines and systems;
  5. (e) Flight instruments;
  6. (f) Avionics;
  7. (g) Navigation;
  8. (h) Aircraft performance;
  9. (i) Flight operations; and
  10. (j) Human factors, including pilot decision-making.

(4) Experience

An applicant shall have met the training requirements for the issue of a Commercial Pilot Licence – Helicopter that is not restricted to daylight flying and completed a minimum of 1000 hours total flight time of which a minimum of 600 hours shall have been completed in helicopters. The total flight time shall include a minimum of:

  1. (a) 250 hours pilot-in-command flight time in helicopters as pilot-in-command, which may include a maximum of 150 hours pilot-in-command under supervision flight time in accordance with Section 421.11;
  2. (b) 50 hours night flight time as pilot-in-command or as co-pilot of which a minimum of 15 hours shall have been acquired in helicopters;
  3. (c) 200 hours cross-country flight time in helicopters of which a minimum of 100 hours shall be as pilot-in-command or as pilot-in-command under supervision in accordance with Section 421.11;
  4. (d) 30 hours instrument time of which a maximum of 10 hours may be instrument ground time and a maximum of 15 hours may have been acquired in aeroplanes. Instrument ground time may not be applied toward the total 1000 hour flight time requirement.

(5) Skill

Within the 12 months preceding the date of application for the licence, an applicant shall demonstrate in flight and on the ground familiarity with and the ability to perform, as pilot-in-command of a helicopter required to be operated with a co-pilot, both normal and emergency procedures and manoeuvres appropriate to the privileges of an Airline Transport Pilot Licence – Helicopter.
(amended 1999/03/01; previous version)

(6) Restricted Licence – Aerial Work Only

  1. (a) Where an applicant has not completed the instrument flight time requirement or the night flight time requirement, the licence shall be issued restricted to aerial work only and the total dual and solo flight time requirements for the issue of the licence shall be met.
  2. (b) Where an applicant completes the instrument flight time and night flight time requirements, the restriction shall be removed.

(7) Credits for DND Applicants

Active and retired Canadian Forces personnel who hold a Canadian Forces Instrument Rating completed on a helicopter required to be operated with a co-pilot shall be deemed to have met the skill requirement.
(amended 1998/03/23; previous version)